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How to Tell if your Bichon has Tapeworms/ 6 Types

How to Tell if your Bichon has Tapeworms_ 6 Types

Some of the symptoms to spot if your Bichon has tapeworms are as follows

  • White Rice Looking Eggs in stool
  • Ravenous appetite
  • Thin / Skinny
  • Poor Skin / Poor Hair Condition
  • The emergence of tapeworms from dogs anus – then they retreat
  • Diarrhea
  • Scooting on its bottom
  • Extension of annus trying to expel them
  • Broken Pieces of Tapeworms in feces
  • Bichon excessively grooming his Bottom
  • Anal Itching

Introduction to Tapeworms in Bichons

The major goal of studying parasites is to protect the animal and improve its health. In this article, I will guide you for studying the tapeworms in Bichon Frise, including how to treat them, how to control them, pathogenesis, and clinical signs and diagnose the cases.

Tape Worms / Dr Oz / 30 feet / Life span of 20 Years

Small intestine is the predilection site for all tapeworms.

1. Diphyllobothrium  Latum.

Common name: Broad Tapeworm

 Pathogenesis and clinical signs: Usually asymptomatic, although occasionally vitamin B12 deficiency can occur. (Growth failure is a general symptom in vitamin B12 deficiency.)                                                                                                        Diagnosis: This depends on the detection of the characteristic eggs in the feces. Eggs are yellow and ovoid shapes.                                                                    

Pathology: Does not induce damage to the intestine.                               

 Treatment: Praziquantel and Niclosamide are effective against adult tapeworm.                                                                                                                 

Control: In areas where the infection is common, your Bichon Frise should not be fed, fish products unless these have been thoroughly cooked or deep-frozen.

2. Dipylidium Caninum.

Common name: Double pored tapeworm or cucumber seed tapeworm.

Final host: Dog (Bichon Frise)

Intermediate host: Fleas


The adult is non-pathogenic and several hundred can be tolerated without clinical effect. They shed segments, which as they crawl actively from the anus, may cause some discomfort and a useful sign of infection is excessive grooming of the perineum. It has been suggested that infected dogs form the habit of rubbing the anus along the floor, but impacted anal glands are a more common cause of this behavior.                                                                            

 Clinical Signs:

 Anal discomfort and itching, Excessive grooming or licking of the perineal region, Crawling of segments from the anus.                                          

How to Tell if your Bichon has Tapeworms/ 6 Types 1


Often the first indication of infection is the presence of a segment on the coat around the perineum. If the segment is freshly passed, preliminary identification may be made on the elongate shape, and the double genital organs, which may be seen with a hand lens. If it is dried and distorted it will be necessary to break it up with mounted needles in water, where the egg packets are easily seen under the microscope.                                                                              

Treatment and Control:

  • The intermediate Host of Dipylidium caninum is a flea. If your Bichon Frise ingests the infected flea, the dog may end up with an infection of this tapeworm. Therefore flea control is must be needed.                                                                                    
  • Dog’s bedding and customary resting places should receive attention with insecticides to eliminate the immature stages of the flea, which are many times more numerous than the adult parasites feeding on the dog. 
  • Administration of anthelmintics, such as Nitroscanate and Praziquantel. Should be accompanied by the use of insecticides.
  • Destruction of fecal matter properly.

3. Echinococcus Granulosus.

Common name: Dwarf dog tapeworm

Final host: Dog (Bichon Frise)

Intermediate host: Sheep

Pathogenesis and Clinical Signs:

The adult tapeworm is not pathogenic and thousands may be present in a dog without clinical signs. But in heavy infections there may be gastrointestinal disturbances, such as diarrhea, abdominal pain.

Diagnosis: Diagnosis of infection in Bichon Frise with adult tapeworms is difficult because the segments are small and are only shed sparsely. When found eggs in feces, identification is based on their size (2.0-3.0 mm), and ovoid shape. In some countries, control regimes have involved the administration of purgative anthelmintics, such as arecoline hydrochloride, so that the whole tapeworm is expelled in mucus and can be searched for in the feces. Immunodiagnostic tests have been developed that are based on the fecal antigen detection antibody sandwich ELISA technique.


More difficult to remove, but several drugs, notably praziquantel are now available, which are highly effective. After treatment it is advisable to confine dog for 48 hours to facilitate the collection and disposal of infected faeces.

f How to Tell if your Bichon has Tapeworms_ 6 Types (1)
f How to Tell if your Bichon has Tapeworms_ 6 Types (1)


This is based on the regular treatment of dogs to eliminate the adult tapeworms and on the prevention of infection in your Bichon Frise by exclusion from their diet of animal material containing hydatids (Hydatid is the development stage of Echinococcus granulosus in the intermediate host). To ensure that thoroughly cooked meat (sheep) should be given to Bichon Frise. Also denying your dog access to abattoirs, and where possible by proper disposal of sheep carcasses on farms.

4. Echinococcus Multilocularis.

Common name: Dwarf fox tapeworm

Final host: Dog (Bichon Frise)

Intermediate host: Rodents


The adult tapeworm causes little damage in the intestine. If your Bichon Frise eats rodents, the metacestode stage inside the rodent will enter into the dog’s liver. Invasion by the metacestode stage can result in atrophy of the liver parenchyma and cause cirrhosis.

Treatment: Can be treated with Praziquantel or Epsiprantel.


  • The treatment of a dog with an effective cytocidal anthelmintic.
  • Proper discard of dog feces.
  • Proper sanitation and hygiene.
  • Adhere to the dog deworming schedule.

5. Taenia Hydatigena.

Final host: Dog (Bichon Frise)

Intermediate host: sheep, cattle, pig

Pathogenesis and clinical signs: In heavy infections, there may be gastrointestinal disturbances, such as diarrhea, abdominal pain, and anal pruritis.


Often the first sign of tapeworm infection is the presence of proglottids (Proglottids are segments in the strobila of a tapeworm, containing a complete sexually mature reproductive system) in the faeces or more frequently the perianal area as a result of the active migration of the segments.

Treatment: Tapeworms can be removed from your Bichon Frise through the administration of an effective cytocidal anthelmintic, such as Niclosamide, Praziquantel, Nitroscanate or multiple doses of Mebendazole or Fenbendazole.

Control: Prevention of infection by exclusion from their diet of animal material containing cysts. To ensure that thoroughly cooked meat should be given to Bichon Frise.

Catching Worms from your Bichon / Visual Examples

6. Taenia Ovis

Final host: Dog (Bichon Frise)

Intermediate host: Sheep, Goat

Pathogenesis and clinical signs: Heavy infections in young Bichon Frises can cause diarrhea and ill thrift.

Diagnosis: Recognized through the presence of shed proglottids and/or tapeworm segments in fresh feces.

Treatment: Tapeworms can be removed from your Bichon Frise through the administration of an effective cytocidal anthelmintic, such as Niclosamide, Praziquantel, Nitroscanate, or multiple doses of Mebendazole or Fenbendazole.

Control: Prevention of infection by exclusion from their diet of animal material (Goat, Sheep) containing cysts. To ensure that thoroughly cooked meat should be given to Bichon Frise. Regular treatment with an effective anthelmintic will reduce contamination of the environment. The dog should be denied access to raw sheep and goat meat and carcasses.  Also can give highly protective recombinant vaccine (Available in some countries)

Treating Tapeworms Naturally

  • Pumpkins Seeds
  • Food Grade Diatochaeaus Earth
  • Grated Carrots

Top 10 Bichon Designer Breeds / Parents /Size / Video

Designer MixParentsSizeVideo
MaltichonBichon / MalteseHeight / 8-11 inches
Weight / 8 - 13 lbs
Bichpoo Bichon / PoodleHeight / 9 - 14 inches
Weight / 6 - 9 lbs
Shichon Bichon / Shih TzuHeight / 9 - 12 inches
Weight / 10 - 15lbs
Yorkie BichonBichon / YorkieHeight / 9 - 12 inches
Weight / 6 - 8 lbs
Bichon Yorkie
Chi Chon Bichon / ChihuahuaHeight / 8 - 10 Inches
Weight / 6 - 10 Lbs
Chi Chon
KashonBichon / Cairn TerrierHeight / 9 - 15 Inches
Weight / 10 -18 Lbs
Goldichon Bichon / Golden RetrieverHeight/15 - 20 inches
Weight /20-40 Lbs
ChonzerBichon / Miniature SchnauzerHeight /10-16 inches
Weight / 25-35 lbs
Glechon Bichon / Beagle Height /15-16 inches
Weight / 15-35 lbs
Corgi Bichon / CorgiHeight /11-13 inches
Weight / 31-37 lbs
List of the Designer Breeds from the Bichon Frise
Name - Link for Research
Parents - Breeds of Dogs
Size Height / Weight
Video - Video of the Bichon Designer Breed

Chart of Bichon Birthing Accessories

Breeder BoxDo Not used Wired Dog cage
HeaterWe use space heater for whole Room
scaleTo Weigh Puppies make sure they are Gaining Weight
Clean towelsChande during Birthing to clean up
Protected SpaceKeep Mother away from other Dogs to avoid Distress
Draft ProtectionDrafts can chill and kill a Puppy
Squash protectionMothers can accidently squash a puppy
clean bedding to replace after birth - will be wet
SeclusionNeeds her Privacy - she can get Hyper
Rubber GlovesKeep things Clean and from Blood
Scisorrs & ThreadFor Cutting Cord
List of Needed Items to Have Prepared For Puppy Birth

Puppy Birthing Complications

If UnsureTake to Vet If Time allows
Keep Mother IsolatedIf Other dogs around she could get defensive and accidently Hurt Puppies
Puppy Accidentally CrushedMake sure Not Giving Birth in Dog cage - puppies can work themselves through mesh and get Damaged
Not BreathingGently Give it Mouth to mouth
Not breathingMassage Puppy trying to gently force fluid from his lungs
Puppy StuckGently Pull
Puppy BreechHelp Guide legs out
Puppy ColdRaise Enviorment to 85 degrees
Puppy ColdChange Wet Bedding
Puppy ColdWarm Puppy up put on Your body till body heat warms him
Puppy ColdNo drafts - No metal Floor Pan on Cage
Puppy not going on NippleHelp Guide him to nipple till he gets hand of it
Puppy not feedingTry Small baby Bottle
let him suck - do not force him - can drown him with milk going in lungs
Puppy not feedingUse puppy Milk Supplement
Puppy Not feeding check for Cleft Palate
Puppy Not FeedingTake to Vet - he can show you Catheter Feeding
Puppy Not GrowingMake sure Mother has plenty Food Water
Puppy Not GrowingYou can check on scale
Labor stops or is prolonged over 24 hours Take to vet - C section can save litter and Mother if needed
Mother does not Remove MembraneYou will Need to Manually remove it
Mother does not chew through Umbilical CordYou will need to cut it 1/2 " away from puppies body tier with thread
Here is a List of Puppy Birth Complications you might Encounter
And Recommended Steps

Expense Table for Owning Bichons Frise

Average Cost of AKC PuppyPuppy ShotsFoodGrooming 4 / per yearCage / Accessories / Bowls / Brushes / Leash / CollarAKC - Registration
Within 6 Months of Purchase
Micro ChipYearly Meds
Heart Worm
Dog LicenseTotal InvestmentPuppies Possible / Year
$ 450 - No Breeding Rights$ 120$ 10 / Wk
High Quality Food
$ 45 ea / $180 YrCage - $50
Rest - 50
$ 35$ 45 - One Time Cost
By Vet
Heart Worm Meds - $60 / Yr
Worming - $ 30 / YR
$ 35 / Yr$ 1575 / Dog1-6 Puppies
Average 3
$ 750 - $ 950
Puppy with AKC Papers and No Restrictions
Total Investment
This Table just shows you the Expenses in Keeping a Bichon That we have found in Owning a Bichon

Breeds Descended from Water Dogs

Name of BreedCountry of Origin
American Water SpanielUnited States
Cantabrian Water DogSpain
English Water SpanielEngland
Irish water SpanielIreland
Lagotto RomagnoioItaly
Portuguese Water DogPortugal
Pudelpointer Germany
Spanish water DogSpain
Tweed water SpanielEngland
This a list of Breeds that have Descended from Medival times Water Dogs- used by Hunters

Bichon Frise Resource Links

Bichon Frise Club of AmericaUnited StatesLink
Bichon Frise AKCUnited StatesLink
Bichon Frise United Kennel ClubUKLink
Resources for Bichon Frise Owners and Breeders


Preventing Tapeworm infestation is Preventable by regularly treating your Bichons for tapeworms . Our worming Meds were provided by our Vet, then we administered it to the Dogs. We were very careful to dispose of dog poop to avoid recontamination. We also cooked all meats and treated our dogs for Fleas, to help prevent problems.

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